ืžื™ื“ืข ืขืœ ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืช

ืžื”ื™ ืขื•ื’ื™ื”?

ืย ืขื•ื’ื™ื™ื”ย ื–ื”ื• ืงื•ื‘ืฅ ื˜ืงืกื˜ย ืžื–ื™ืงย ื”ืžืื•ื—ืกืŸ ื‘ื“ืคื“ืคืŸ ืฉืœืš ื›ืืฉืจ ืืชื” ืžื‘ืงืจ ื›ืžืขื˜ ื‘ื›ืœ ื“ืฃ ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜. ื”ืชื•ืขืœืช ืฉืœย ืขื•ื’ื™ื™ื”ย ื”ื™ื ืฉื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ืžืกื•ื’ืœ ืœื–ื›ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ืฉืœืš ื›ืฉืืชื” ื—ื•ื–ืจ ืœื“ืคื“ืฃ ื‘ืื•ืชื• ื“ืฃ. ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉืื ืฉื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืœื ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ื–ืืช,ย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ืฉืžืฉ ืžืื– ืœืคื ื™ 20 ืฉื ื™ื, ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื“ืคื“ืคื ื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”- World Wide Web.

ื•ืžื” ืœื ืขื•ื’ื™ื™ื”?

ื–ื” ืœื ื•ื™ืจื•ืก ืื• ืกื•ืก ื˜ืจื•ื™ืื ื™, ืœื ืชื•ืœืขืช, ืื• ื“ื•ืืจ ื–ื‘ืœ ืื• ืชื•ื›ื ื•ืช ืจื™ื’ื•ืœ, ืื• ื—ืœื•ื ื•ืช ืงื•ืคืฆื™ื ืคืชื•ื—ื™ื.

ืื™ื–ื” ืžื™ื“ืข ืžืื—ืกืŸย ืขื•ื’ื™ื™ื”?

ืœืืกย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื”ื ืœื ืžืื—ืกื ื™ื ืžื™ื“ืข ืจื’ื™ืฉ ืื•ื“ื•ืชื™ืš, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื›ืจื˜ื™ืกื™ ืืฉืจืื™ ืื• ืคืจื˜ื™ ื‘ื ืง, ืชืฆืœื•ืžื™ื, ืชืขื•ื“ืช ื”ื–ื”ื•ืช ืฉืœืš ืื• ื”ืžื™ื“ืข ื”ืื™ืฉื™ ืฉืœืš ื•ื›ื• '. ื”ื ืชื•ื ื™ื ืฉื”ื ืฉื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ื ื‘ืขืœื™ ืื•ืคื™ ื˜ื›ื ื™, ื”ืขื“ืคื•ืช ืื™ืฉื™ื•ืช, ื”ืชืืžื” ืื™ืฉื™ืช ืฉืœ ืชื•ื›ืŸ ื•ื›ื• '.

ืฉืจืช ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ืื™ื ื• ืžืฉื™ื™ืš ืื•ืชืš ื›ืื“ื ืืœื ืœื“ืคื“ืคืŸ ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ืฉืœืš. ืœืžืขืฉื”, ืื ืืชื” ื’ื•ืœืฉ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืข ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช Internet Explorer ื•ืžื ืกื” ืœื’ืœื•ืฉ ื‘ืื•ืชื• ืืชืจ ืขื Firefox ืื• Chrome, ืชืจืื” ืฉื”ืืชืจ ืœื ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืืชื” ืื•ืชื• ืื“ื ืžื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ื•ื ืœืžืขืฉื” ืžืงืฉืจ ืืช ื”ื“ืคื“ืคืŸ, ื•ืœื ืืช ื”ืื“ื.

ืื™ื–ื” ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ืฉื?

  • ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ื˜ื›ื ื™: ืืœื” ื”ื ื”ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื•ืœืืคืฉืจ, ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉืืจ, ื›ื“ื™ ืœื“ืขืช ืžืชื™ ืืชื” ื’ื•ืœืฉ ืื ื•ืฉื™ ืื• ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืื•ื˜ื•ืžื˜ื™, ื›ืืฉืจ ืžืฉืชืžืฉ ืื ื•ื ื™ืžื™ ืžื ื•ื•ื˜ ื•ืจืฉื•ืžื™ื ืื—ื“, ืžืฉื™ืžื•ืช ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื•ืช ืœื”ืคืขืœืช ื›ืœ ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ื“ื™ื ืžื™ื™ื.
  • ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ื ื™ืชื•ื—: ื”ื ืื•ืกืคื™ื ืžื™ื“ืข ืขืœ ืกื•ื’ ื”ื ื™ื•ื•ื˜ ืฉืืชื” ืžื‘ืฆืข, ื”ืงื˜ืขื™ื ืฉืืชื” ืžืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื”ื ื”ื›ื™ ื”ืจื‘ื”, ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืฉื”ืชื™ื™ืขืฆื• ืื™ืชื, ืื–ื•ืจ ื–ืžืŸ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ, ืฉืคื” ื•ื›ื• '.
  • ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ืคืจืกื•ื: ื”ื ืžืฆื™ื’ื™ื ืคืจืกื•ื ืขืœ ืกืžืš ื”ื’ืœื™ืฉื” ืฉืœืš, ืืจืฅ ื”ืžื•ืฆื ืฉืœืš, ื”ืฉืคื” ื•ื›ื• '.

ืžื” ื”ืย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ืขืฆืžื• ื•ืฉืœ ืื—ืจื™ื?

ืœืืกย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ืขืฆืžื•ย ื”ื ืืœื” ืฉื ื•ืฆืจื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื“ืฃ ืฉืืชื” ืžื‘ืงืจ ื•ื”-ย ื’ย ื”ื ืžื•ืคืงื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ื ืื• ืกืคืงื™ื ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืคื™ื™ืกื‘ื•ืง, ื˜ื•ื•ื™ื˜ืจ, ื’ื•ื’ืœ, ื•ื›ื• '

ืžื” ืงื•ืจื” ืื ืื ื™ ืžื›ื‘ื” ืืชย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืช?

ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืชื‘ื™ื ื• ืืช ื”ื™ืงืฃ ื”ืฉื‘ืชืช ื”-ย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ืื ื™ ืžืจืื” ืœืš ื›ืžื” ื“ื•ื’ืžืื•ืช:

  • ืœื ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœืฉืชืฃ ืชื•ื›ืŸ ืžืื•ืชื• ืืชืจ ื‘ืคื™ื™ืกื‘ื•ืง, ื‘ื˜ื•ื•ื™ื˜ืจ ืื• ื‘ื›ืœ ืจืฉืช ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ืช ืื—ืจืช.
  • ื”ืืชืจ ืœื ื™ื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ืชืื™ื ืืช ื”ืชื•ื›ืŸ ืœื”ืขื“ืคื•ืชื™ืš ื”ืื™ืฉื™ื•ืช, ื›ืคื™ ืฉืงื•ืจื” ืœืจื•ื‘ ื‘ื—ื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืžืงื•ื•ื ื•ืช.
  • ืœื ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื’ืฉืช ืœืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืื™ืฉื™ ืฉืœ ืืชืจ ื–ื”, ื›ื’ื•ืŸย ื”ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืฉืœื™, ืื•ย ื”ืคืจื•ืคื™ืœ ืฉืœื™ย oย ื”ื”ื–ืžื ื•ืช ืฉืœื™.
  • ื—ื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืžืงื•ื•ื ื•ืช: ื–ื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ื‘ืœืชื™ ืืคืฉืจื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจืš ืœื‘ืฆืข ืจื›ื™ืฉื•ืช ื‘ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜, ื”ืŸ ื™ืฆื˜ืจื›ื• ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื˜ืœืคื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืื• ืœื‘ืงืจ ื‘ื—ื ื•ืช ื”ืคื™ื–ื™ืช ืื ื™ืฉ ืœื” ื›ืืœื”.
  • ืœื ื ื™ืชืŸ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœื”ืชืื™ื ืื™ืฉื™ืช ืืช ื”ื”ืขื“ืคื•ืช ื”ื’ืื•ื’ืจืคื™ื•ืช ืฉืœืš ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ืื–ื•ืจ ื–ืžืŸ, ืžื˜ื‘ืข ืื• ืฉืคื”.
  • ื”ืืชืจ ืื™ื ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื‘ืฆืข ืœื ื™ืชื•ื— ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ืขืœ ืžื‘ืงืจื™ื ื•ืขืœ ืชืขื‘ื•ืจืช ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืื•ืชื• ืงืฉื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืชื—ืจื•ืชื™ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื.
  • ืœื ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื›ืชื•ื‘ ื‘ื‘ืœื•ื’, ืœื ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื”ืขืœื•ืช ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช, ืœืคืจืกื ืชื’ื•ื‘ื•ืช, ืœื“ืจื’ ืื• ืœื“ืจื’ ืชื›ื ื™ื. ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ื’ื ืœื ื™ื•ื›ืœ ืœื“ืขืช ืื ืืชื” ืื“ื ืื• ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืื•ื˜ื•ืžื˜ื™ ืฉืžืคืจืกืย ื“ื•ืืจ ื–ื‘ืœ.
  • ืœืœื ืคืจืกื•ืžื•ืช ืขืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื”ืจืื•ืช ืžื—ื•ืœืงื•ืช ืœืžื“ื•ืจื™ื, ื”ืคื—ืชืช ื”ื›ื ืกื•ืช ืžืคืจืกื•ื ืžื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜.
  • ืœื›ืœ ื”ืจืฉืชื•ืช ื”ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ื•ืช ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชืื ืชืฉื‘ื™ืช ืื•ืชื, ืœื ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืฉื•ื ืจืฉืช ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ืช.

ื”ืื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืกื™ืจย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืช?

ื›ืŸ. ืœื ืจืง ืœื—ืกืœ, ื’ื ืœื—ืกื•ื, ื‘ื›ืœืœ ืื• ื‘ืคืจื˜ ืœืชื—ื•ื ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™.

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืกื™ืจย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ืฉืœ ืืชืจ ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ืขืœื™ืš ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœืชืฆื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ื“ืคื“ืคืŸ ืฉืœืš ื•ืฉื ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื—ืคืฉ ืืช ืืœื” ื”ืžืฉื•ื™ื›ื™ื ืœืชื—ื•ื ื”ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื•ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ืœื—ื™ืกื•ืœื•.

ื›ืš ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœื’ืฉืช ืืœย ืขื•ื’ื™ื™ื”ย ื“ืคื“ืคืŸ ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ย Chrome. ื”ืขืจื”: ืฆืขื“ื™ื ืืœื” ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชื ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื’ืจืกืช ื”ื“ืคื“ืคืŸ:

  1. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืœ ื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืช ืื• ื”ืขื“ืคื•ืช ื“ืจืš ืชืคืจื™ื˜ ืงื•ื‘ืฅ ืื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืœื—ื™ืฆื” ืขืœ ืกืžืœ ื”ื”ืชืืžื” ื”ืื™ืฉื™ืช ื”ืžื•ืคื™ืข ื‘ืฆื“ ืฉืžืืœ ืœืžืขืœื”.
  2. ืชืจืื” ืงื˜ืขื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื, ืœื—ืฅ ืขืœ ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืชย ื”ืฆื’ ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ืžืชืงื“ืžื•ืช.
  3. ืœืš ืœย ืคืจื˜ื™,ย ื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืช ืชื•ื›ืŸ.
  4. ื‘ื—ืจย ื›ืœ ืงื•ื‘ืฆื™ ื”- Cookie ื•ื ืชื•ื ื™ ื”ืืชืจ.
  5. ืจืฉื™ืžื” ืชื•ืคื™ืข ืขื ื›ืœย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ืžืžื•ื™ืŸ ืœืคื™ ืชื—ื•ื. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืงืœ ืขืœื™ืš ืœืžืฆื•ื ืืชย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ืฉืœ ืชื—ื•ื ืžืกื•ื™ื ื”ื–ืŸ ืืช ื”ื›ืชื•ื‘ืช ื‘ืฉื“ื” ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื—ืœืงื™ ืื• ืžื•ื—ืœื˜ย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ.
  6. ืœืื—ืจ ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ืžืกื ืŸ ื–ื” ืฉื•ืจื” ืื—ืช ืื• ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื•ืคื™ืขื” ืขืœ ื”ืžืกืšย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ืฉืœ ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ื”ืžื‘ื•ืงืฉ. ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืืชื” ืจืง ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ื–ื” ื•ืœื—ืฅ ืขืœย Xย ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ืœื—ื™ืกื•ืœื”.

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื’ืฉืช ืœื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืชย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ื“ืคื“ืคืŸย ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ืืงืกืคืœื•ืจืจย ื‘ืฆืข ืืช ื”ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื (ื”ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชื ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื’ื™ืจืกืช ื”ื“ืคื“ืคืŸ):

  1. ืœืš ืœย ื›ืœื™ื,ย ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜
  2. ืœื—ืฅ ืขืœย ืคืจื˜ื™.
  3. ื”ื–ื– ืืช ื”ืžื—ื•ื•ืŸ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืชืื™ื ืืช ืจืžืช ื”ืคืจื˜ื™ื•ืช ื”ืจืฆื•ื™ื”.

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื’ืฉืช ืœื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืชย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ื“ืคื“ืคืŸย Firefoxย ื‘ืฆืข ืืช ื”ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื (ื”ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชื ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื’ื™ืจืกืช ื”ื“ืคื“ืคืŸ):

  1. ืœืš ืœย ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืชย oย ื”ืขื“ืคื•ืชย ืชืœื•ื™ ื‘ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ื”ืคืขืœื” ืฉืœืš.
  2. ืœื—ืฅ ืขืœย ืคืจื˜ื™.
  3. Enย ืฉื™ืย ื‘ื—ืจย ื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืช ืžื•ืชืืžื•ืช ืื™ืฉื™ืช ืœื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื”.
  4. ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืชืจืื” ืืช ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืชย ืœืงื‘ืœ ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืช, ื‘ืืคืฉืจื•ืชืš ืœื”ืคืขื™ืœ ืื• ืœื”ืฉื‘ื™ืช ืื•ืชื ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื”ืขื“ืคื•ืชื™ืš.

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื’ืฉืช ืœื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืชย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ื“ืคื“ืคืŸย ืกืคืืจื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ OSXย ื‘ืฆืข ืืช ื”ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื (ื”ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชื ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื’ื™ืจืกืช ื”ื“ืคื“ืคืŸ):

  1. ืœืš ืœย ื”ืขื“ืคื•ืชืื–ย ืคืจื˜ื™.
  2. ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื–ื” ืชืจืื” ืืช ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืชย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืœื•ืงย ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืจ ืืช ืกื•ื’ ื”ื ืขื™ืœื” ืฉื‘ืจืฆื•ื ืš ืœื‘ืฆืข.

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื’ืฉืช ืœื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืชย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ื“ืคื“ืคืŸย ืกืคืืจื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ iOSย ื‘ืฆืข ืืช ื”ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื (ื”ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชื ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื’ื™ืจืกืช ื”ื“ืคื“ืคืŸ):

  1. ืœืš ืœย ื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืชืื–ย ืกืคืืจื™.
  2. ืœืš ืœย ืคืจื˜ื™ื•ืช ื•ืื‘ื˜ื—ื”, ืชืจืื” ืืช ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืชย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืœื•ืงย ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืจ ืืช ืกื•ื’ ื”ื ืขื™ืœื” ืฉื‘ืจืฆื•ื ืš ืœื‘ืฆืข.

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื’ืฉืช ืœื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืชย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ื“ืคื“ืคืŸ ืœืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ืย ืื ื“ืจื•ืื™ื“ย ื‘ืฆืข ืืช ื”ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื (ื”ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชื ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื’ื™ืจืกืช ื”ื“ืคื“ืคืŸ):

  1. ื”ืคืขืœ ืืช ื”ื“ืคื“ืคืŸ ื•ืœื—ืฅ ืขืœ ื”ืžืงืฉย ืชืคืจื™ื˜ืื–ย ื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืช.
  2. ืœืš ืœย ืื‘ื˜ื—ื” ื•ืคืจื˜ื™ื•ืช, ืชืจืื” ืืช ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืชย ืœืงื‘ืœ ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืคืขื™ืœ ืื• ืœื”ืฉื‘ื™ืช ืืช ื”ืชื™ื‘ื”.

ื›ื“ื™ ืœื’ืฉืช ืœื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืชย ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืชย ื“ืคื“ืคืŸ ืœืžื›ืฉื™ืจื™ืย ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ Windowsย ื‘ืฆืข ืืช ื”ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื (ื”ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชื ื•ืช ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื’ื™ืจืกืช ื”ื“ืคื“ืคืŸ):

  1. ืคืชื•ื—ย ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ืืงืกืคืœื•ืจืจืื–ย ื™ื•ืชืจืื–ย ืชืฆื•ืจื”
  2. ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืคืขื™ืœ ืื• ืœื‘ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ืชื™ื‘ื”ย ืœืืคืฉืจ ืขื•ื’ื™ื•ืช.
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